2018 familiarized us with terms belonging to the next age in production and information technology including “the 4.0 industry revolution”. “artificial intelligence” and “big data”. At the same time, occurrences on both international and national levels heated up the cybersecurity community as well as changing the public view on the importance of data security. What we witnessed were both positive and negative. Let’s look at cybersecurity in 2018 – a year in review through the major occurrences that took place last year.

A few milestones in the cybersecurity field in 2018



These events have partly reflected the trends in cybersecurity in 2018. You’ll find further information about some of those in the following infographic, along with other information you need to know to summarize the state of cybersecurity in 2018 in the quickest and most intuitive way possible.
(Text version can be found below)
Cybersecurity in 2018 - a Year in Review cystack

Cybersecurity in 2018 – a Year in Review – CyStack

2018 was a volatile year for information security with various security scandals shaking even the biggest firms in technology. Meanwhile, some of the most significant positive changes in cybersecurity were also made possible thanks to the decisions that were made this year. The major topics for cybersecurity in 2018 are:
  • Data breach
  • Malware surge
  • Security improvements

Data breach

Facebook’s Cambridge Analytica user data scandal
Every news agency has written about the occurrence – the account information of 87 million Facebook users was exploited to influence the results of the US presidential election. Facebook CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, had to testify before the Senate, the US House of Representatives, and the European Parliament.
Google+ was closed down due to user data exposure
Shortly after the Facebook scandal, news about the possible data breach affecting 500,000 Google+ users started to circulate. Google was forced to permanently shut down this social network.
FIFA suffered the leak of 70 million documents and 3.4 TB of data
These documents, which were published by Football Leaks, exposed some sensitive information about corruption in football. The scale of this breach has surpassed the Panama Papers scandal, once known as the biggest data leak.

Malware surge

Coin-mining malware gained popularity
With a growth rate of 8500%, coin-mining malware has grown at the same pace as that of cryptocurrency values in the past year. However, it is unclear how the latest depreciation of cryptocurrency will affect this form of malware.
Ransomware faced market correction after ransom cost peaked at over $1000
Currently, the average ransom to decrypt the data encrypted by hackers is $522. This price has halved compared to the previous year as a result of market correction, although the number of ransomware variants still increased by 46%,
Mobile malware has been on the rise
24,000 malicious applications were blocked before being released daily. The number of malware categories had increased by 54% in 2017 alone. This growth reflected the increasing number of mobile device users and was further accelerated by the fragmentation of the Android operating system.

Security improvements

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was implemented in the EU
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was implemented in May last year and served to protect the data and privacy of all individuals in the European Union and the European Economic Area. Most of the big names in the technology industry have come up with updated terms to ensure compliance with the regulation.
Google Chrome labelled websites without HTTPS “Not secure”
The HTTPS protocol has exceeded HTTP in terms of popularity and is now used by more than 50% of websites worldwide. This result was greatly influenced by the world’s most popular web browser, Google Chrome, when it started to warn users of the insecure HTTP protocol and prioritize websites with HTTPS.

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With information from: Internet Security Threat Report Volume 23, Symantec https://www.eurodns.com/blog/domain-name-data-privacy-cybersecurity https://www.itproportal.com/features/biggest-cyber-security-breaches-2018/ https://us.norton.com/internetsecurity-emerging-threats-10-facts-about-todays-cybersecurity-landscape-that-you-should-know.html